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In the paper, the settings of initial-boundary and initial value problems arising in a number of models of movement of nonlinearly viscous or viscoelastic incompressible fluid are considered, and existence theorems for these problems are presented. In particular, the settings of initial-boundary value problems appearing in the regularized model of the movement of viscoelastic fluid with Jeffris constitutive relation are described. The theorems for the existence of weak and strong solutions for these problems in bounded domains are given. The initial value problem for a nonlinearly viscous fluid on the whole space is considered. The estimates on the right-hand side and initial conditions under which there exist local and global solutions of this problem are presented. The modification of Litvinov's model for laminar and turbulent flows with a memory is described. The existence theorem for weak solutions of initial-boundary value problem appearing in this model is given.