To evaluate impact of the Maryland Multipayor Patient-centered Medical Home Program (MMPP) on: (1) quality, utilization, and costs of care; (2) beneficiaries’ experiences and satisfaction with care; and (3) perceptions of providers.Design:
4-year quasiexperimental design with a difference-in-differences analytic approach to compare changes in outcomes between MMPP practices and propensity score-matched comparisons; pre-post design for patient-reported outcomes among MMPP beneficiaries.Subjects:
Beneficiaries (Medicaid-insured and privately insured) and providers in 52 MMPP practices and 104 matched comparisons in Maryland.Intervention:
Participating practices received unconditional financial support and coaching to facilitate functioning as medical homes, membership in a learning collaborative to promote education and dissemination of best practices, and performance-based payments.Measures:
Sixteen quality, 20 utilization, and 13 cost measures from administrative data; patient-reported outcomes on care delivery, trust in provider, access to care, and chronic illness management; and provider perceptions of team operation, team culture, satisfaction with care provided, and patient-centered medical home transformation.Results:
The MMPP had mixed impact on site-level quality and utilization measures. Participation was significantly associated with lower inpatient and outpatient payments in the first year among privately insured beneficiaries, and for the entire duration among Medicaid beneficiaries. There was indication that MMPP practices shifted responsibility for certain administrative tasks from clinicians to medical assistants or care managers. The program had limited effect on measures of patient satisfaction (although response rates were low) and on provider perceptions.Conclusions:
The MMPP demonstrated mixed results of its impact and indicated differential program effects for privately insured and Medicaid beneficiaries.