Cardiac sarcolemmal Na+-Ca2+ exchange and Na+-K+ ATPase activities and gene expression in alloxan-induced diabetes in rats

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

To determine the sequence of alterations in cardiac sarcolemmal (SL) Na+-Ca2+ exchange, Na+-K+ ATPase and Ca2+-transport activities during the development of diabetes, rats were made diabetic by an intravenous injection of 65 mg/kg alloxan. SL membranes were prepared from control and experimental hearts 1-12 weeks after induction of diabetes. A separate group of 4 week diabetic animals were injected with insulin (3 U/day) for an additional 4 weeks. Both Na+-K+ ATPase and Ca2+-stimulated ATPase activities were depressed as early as 10 days after alloxan administration; Mg2+ ATPase activity was not depressed throughout the experimental periods. Both Na+-Ca2+ exchange and ATP-dependent Ca2+-uptake activities were depressed in diabetic hearts 2 weeks after diabetes induction. These defects in SL Na+-K+ ATPase and Ca-transport activities were normalized upon treatment of diabetic animals with insulin. Northern blot analysis was employed to compare the relative mRNA abundances of α1-subunit of Na+-K+ ATPase and Na+-Ca2+ exchanger in diabetic ventricular tissue vs. control samples. At 6 weeks after alloxan administration, a significant depression of the Na+-K+ ATPase α1- subunit mRNA was noted in diabetic heart. A significant increase in the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger mRNA abundance was observed at 3 weeks which returned to control by 5 weeks. The results from the alloxan-rat model of diabetes support the view that SL membrane abnormalities in Na+-K+ ATPase, Na+Ca2+ exchange and Ca2+-pump activities may lead to the occurrence of intracellular Ca2+overload during the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy but these defects may not be the consequence of depressed expression of genes specific for those SL proteins.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles