The capacity of cholera toxin (CT) and type I heat-labile enterotoxin produced by Escherichia coli isolated from human intestine (LTh) to interact with glycoconjugates bearing ABH blood group determinants from rabbit intestinal brush border membranes (BBM) was studied. On the basis of the type of intestinal compounds related to the human ABH blood group antigens, rabbits were classified as AB or H. Toxin binding to the intestinal glycolipids and glycoproteins depends on the blood group determinant borne by the glycoconjugate and on the analyzed toxin. LTh was capable of interacting preferentially with several blood group A- and B-active BBM glycolipids compared to those isolated from animals lacking these antigens (H rabbits). Also, LTh preferably bound to several BBM glycoproteins from AB rabbit intestines compared to those from H ones. One of these glycoproteins, the sucrase-isomaltase complex (EC 126.96.36.199-10) isolated from AB and H rabbits showed the same differential LTh binding. Conversely, CT practically did not recognize either blood group A-, B-, or H-active glycolipids and glycoproteins. These results may be relevant for carrying out in vivo experiments in rabbits in order to disclose the role of ABH active-glycoconjugates in the secretory response induced by LTh in rabbit intestine.