A Simplified, Practical Approach to Assessment of Severity of Mitral Regurgitation by Doppler Color Flow Imaging With Proximal Convergence: Validation With Concomitant Cardiac Catheterization

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To compare the proximal convergence method for quantification of mitral regurgitation with findings on concomitant left ventriculography.

Material and Methods

In 41 patients (22 men and 19 women, 63 +/- 13 years of age), mitral regurgitation was evaluated concomitantly by Doppler color flow jet area, proximal convergence method, and left ventriculography. A simplified measurement of the proximal convergence, consisting of the aliasing radius and velocity of the proximal isosurface (r2 x V), was used.


Angiographic grade correlated well with the proximal convergence method (r2 x V) but had poor correlation with the Doppler color flow jet area method. All patients with a proximal convergence flow rate of less than 10 cm3/s had grade 1 or 2 mitral regurgitation, whereas patients with a proximal convergence flow rate of more than 20 cm3/s had grade 3 or 4 mitral regurgitation. The severity of mitral regurgitation was indeterminate in patients with proximal convergence flow rates from 10 to 20 cm3/s.


Doppler color flow jet area correlates poorly with angiographic grade of mitral regurgitation. A simplified proximal convergence method is useful for separating grade 3 and 4 from grade 1 and 2 mitral regurgitation in most patients. A group of patients with indeterminate severity of mitral regurgitation remains, however, in whom further assessment is necessary.

Mayo Clin Proc 1998;73


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