Precipitating Factors for Acute Heart Failure Hospitalization and Long-Term Survival

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Heart failure (HF) patients have frequent exacerbations leading to high consumption of medical services and recurrent hospitalizations.

Different precipitating factors have various effects on long-term survival.

We investigated 2212 patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of either acute HF or acute exacerbation of chronic HF. Patients were divided into 2 primary precipitant groups: ischemic (N = 979 [46%]) and nonischemic (N = 1233 [54%]). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality.

Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the presence of a nonischemic precipitant was associated with a favorable in-hospital outcome (OR 0.64; CI 0.43–0.94), but with a significant increase in the risk of 10-year mortality (HR 1.12; CI 1.01–1.21). Consistently, the cumulative probability of 10-year mortality was significantly higher among patients with a nonischemic versus ischemic precipitant (83% vs 90%, respectively; Log-rank P value <0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that among the nonischemic precipitant, the presence of renal dysfunction and infection were both associated with poor short-term outcomes (OR 1.56, [P < 0.001] and OR 1.35 [P < 0.001], respectively), as well as long-term (HR 1.59 [P < 0.001] and HR 1.24 [P < 0.001], respectively).

Identification of precipitating factors for acute HF hospitalization has important short- and long-term implications that can be used for improved risk stratification and management.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles