Association between intermediate uveitis and toxocariasis in the Korean population

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the characteristics of ocular toxocariasis (OT) presenting with intermediate uveitis in the Korean population.

We studied intermediate uveitis patients using ocular and systemic evaluations and a Toxocara IgG serology test.

Of 50 intermediate uveitis patients, 19 were seropositive for Toxocara IgG. Of the 19 OT patients, 4 presented with recurrence within 6 months and were significantly younger than nonrecurrence patients (P = 0.009). Thirteen patients had a history of eating raw cow liver.

There were 14 males and 5 females in the OT group, and 11 males and 20 females in the non-OT group (P = 0.009). There was bilateral involvement in 7 out of 19 patients in the OT group, and 20 out of 31 patients in non-OT group (P = 0.033).

Intermediate uveitis patients in OT were predominately male and had more unilateral presentation than non-OT patients.

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