Unusual presentation of direct intraperitoneal metastases complicated with massive ascites from plasmacytoid variant of bladder cancer and adenocarcinoma of colon: A case report and literature review

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Abstract

Background:

Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) is a distinct variant of urinary bladder cancer, with a high propensity for invasion and poor prognosis. These tumors occur most commonly in male patients with the age of reported cases ranging from 46 to 87 years.

Case report:

We present a case of a 74-year-old male patient having massive ascites and bilateral lower leg edema. Colonoscopy showed a 3-cm lesion in the sigmoid colon and an edematous nonpapillary tumor was found by cystoscopy in the bladder. Histopathology analysis of the biopsies showed adenocarcinoma of colon and PUC of bladder. The diagnosis of PUC with peritoneal carcinomatosis was then confirmed by immunohistochemical stain.

Conclusion:

The diagnostic dilemmas of the unusual variant of urothelial malignancy, the origin of peritoneal metastasis, and its clinical impact are discussed in the present case.

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