Restoration of the ascending reticular activating system compressed by hematoma in a stroke patient

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Abstract

Rationale:

We report on restoration of the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS), compressed by an intracerebral hematoma and perihematomal edema following a stroke. The restoration of the ARAS was demonstrated by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT).

Patient concerns:

In a 60-year-old male, a brain MRI taken at 2 weeks after the surgery showed a hematoma and perihematomal edema in the left posterolateral pons and cerebellum, which were markedly resolved on a brain MRI after 5 weeks.

Diagnoses:

Intraventricular hemorrhage.

Interventions:

Navigation-guided stereotactic drainage of a hematoma in the left cerebellum, comprehensive rehabilitative therapy, including hypersomnia medication (modafinil), physical therapy, and occupational therapy.

Outcomes:

His hypersomnia improved significantly with rehabilitation, with no daytime hypersomnia beginning 3 weeks after the surgery. On 2-week DTT, neither the neural tract of the left lower dorsal or ventral ARAS were reconstructed, but these neural tracts were wellreconstructed on 5-week DTT.

Lessons:

In conclusion, restoration of nonreconstructed neural tracts of the lower ARAS with the resolution of the hematoma and perihematomal edema was demonstrated in a stroke patient, using DTT.

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