To investigate the risk factors for leukoaraiosis (LA) and the correlation between risk factors and LA.
The study comprised 92 patients with diagnoses of LA (LA group) and 56 non-LA individuals (control group). Data were collected for the following: age, gender, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, uric acid, creatinine, and histories of smoking, hypertension, and diabetes. Levels of serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Univariate analysis showed statistical significance between the 2 groups in age, histories of hypertension and smoking, uric acid, creatinine, and levels of serum ADMA (P < 0.05). Binary logistic analysis showed that age (P < 0.0001), hypertension (P = 0.0101), and serum ADMA (P = 0.0206) were related to LA. Pearson correlation analysis showed that levels of serum ADMA correlated with uric acid (r = 0.184, P = 0.025) and creatinine (r = 0.169, P = 0.04).
Age, hypertension, and levels of serum ADMA were independent risk factors for LA. Serum ADMA levels may be related to uric acid and creatinine.