Free radical toxicity due to poorly maintained cellular redox levels is crucial events that have been associated with the pathogenesis of Guillain–Barre syndrome (GBS) patients. Uric acid (UA) and albumin correlate with oxidative stress in some degree. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between GBS and serum levels of UA and albumin in the present study.
The serum levels of UA and albumin were determined in 203 individuals including 88 patients with GBS and 153 healthy controls (HC).
We found that serum levels of UA and albumin in patients with GBS were significantly lower than those in HC group. Besides, similar phenomenon was observed when the male and female subgroups were estimated, respectively. Additionally, we found that there is no statistic difference among subgroups of GBS regarding UA and albumin. The univariate analysis revealed that both the high UA and high albumin were protective factors for patients with GBS (odds ratio [OR] 0.140; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.074–0.264; P < .001 and OR 0.016; 95% CI: 0.006–0.038; P < .001, respectively). It was further confirmed by the multivariable logistic regression analysis after adjusting for other potential confounding factors (OR 0.168; 95% CI: 0.055–0.514; P = .002 and OR 0.027; 95% CI: 0.011–0.071; P < .001, respectively).
In conclusion, we found that patients with GBS had significantly low serum UA and albumin levels. Moreover, we demonstrated that both the high UA and high albumin were protective factors for patients with GBS.