Achromobacter xylosoxidans infection is mostly reported in immunocompromised patients. Until now, it is still rarely reported in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis.Patient concerns:
This is the 1st case of A xylosoxidans infection due to tunnel infection of a Tenckhoff catheter.Diagnosis:
The diagnosis was confirmed by the report of culture.Interventions:
Risk factors for this infection in peritoneal dialysis include uremia with an immunocompromised state, contamination due to inexperienced skills, and aqueous environment of the dialysate.Outcome:
We believe that finding the source of A xylosoxidans contamination is the most important aspect of the overall treatment of the infection.Lessons:
Environmental investigation of suspected source contamination is warranted in those with A xylosoxidans infection. Once the diagnosis is made, removal of the Tenckhoff catheter should not be delayed.