This retrospective study was performed to identify pretreatment baseline factors that could predict the development of distant metastasis (DM) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
A cohort of 119 NPC patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) were recruited into the study. Among them, 51 developed DM (DM group) within 3 years after treatment and 68 did not (DM-free group). Various clinicopathological factors were measured before the treatment and analyzed by univariate as well as multivariate analyses for the potential correlation with DM development.
Univariate analysis revealed that increased peripheral lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, lower lymphocyte–monocyte ratio (LMR), higher neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR), advanced American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, advanced T stage, and advanced N stage were significantly correlated with the presence of DM. Multivariate analysis identified advanced AJCC stage and high LDH level were independent predictive factors for DM.
Routinely measured pretreatment clinical factors, including AJCC state and serum LDH level, could independently predict DM. These factors will benefit the selection of appropriate treatment options and improve the overall survival of NPC patients.