Endoscopic ultrasonography predicts early esophageal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis: A case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Bleeding esophageal and gastric varices constitute a serious complication in liver cirrhosis. Previous studies have shown that endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can be used to predict early esophageal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis.

Patient concerns:

We report a case of a 46-year-old man with hepatitis B liver cirrhosis (CTP score, 5; Child–Pugh class, A) who was admitted to our hospital due to a decreased appetite lasting 1 week.

Diagnosis:

He was initially diagnosed with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis; an abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan indicated a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT).

Interventions:

Common endoscopic examination showed no evidence of gastroesophageal varices; EUS revealed distinct varices of the esophageal and gastric veins. Six months after discharge, the patient was rehospitalized because of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopic ligation was implemented as well as esophageal varices loop ligature (EVL).

Outcomes:

Six months later, EUS showed obvious collateral and perforator veins.

Lessons:

We should strongly recommend that patients with liver cirrhosis undergo EUS in addition to a routine endoscopic examination. EUS can play an important role in evaluating the risk for bleeding in PHT and can be used to assess the efficacy of EVL.

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