Intraoperative cardiac arrest: A 10-year study of patients undergoing tumorous surgery in a tertiary referral cancer center in China

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Intraoperative cardiac arrest (IOCA) is a lethal complication of noncardiac surgery. According to several reports, immediate survival after IOCA is approximately 50%. In this study, a retrospective case analysis was performed to determine the incidence of IOCA, the potential causes of cardiac arrest, and the risk factors of no resuscitation in patients undergoing tumorous surgery.

The medical records of surgery patients who experienced cardiac arrest during the intraoperative period between 2005 and 2014 were reviewed. The general conditions of the patients with IOCA were compared between the successfully resuscitated group and the unresuscitated group.

Fifteen patients with IOCA among 142,853 patients undergoing tumorous surgery were reviewed during the study period. Immediate survival after IOCA was 60%. Hospital survival was 46.7%. The incidence of IOCA decreased during 2010 to 2014 when compared with the rate during 2005 to 2009 (P < .05). The risk factors affecting the success of resuscitation after IOCA included American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA PS) classification ≥ III (P < .05) and preoperative tachycardia (heart rate ≥100/min, P < .05). The methods of anesthesia had no effects on the results of resuscitation.

The incidence of IOCA in patients undergoing tumorous surgery was 1.05 per 10,000 anesthesia. The overall mortality of IOCA was 0.56/10,000. The frequency of IOCA decreased within 10 years. There was no cardiac arrest primarily attributable to anesthesia over this study period. The risk factors leading to unsuccessful resuscitation after IOCA were ASA PS classification ≥ III and preoperative tachycardia.

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