Thalidomide results in diminished ovarian reserve in reproductive age female IBD patients

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The effectiveness of thalidomide in treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been widely recognized. Meanwhile, many serious adverse drug reactions have been observed, but no know reports on ovarian reserve function.

Female patients, ranging in age between 18 and 40, were referred to our institution to undergo sex hormone detection and ultrasonic scanning for ovarian function assessment, between February 1, 2016 and September 31, 2016.

Thirty-three patients treated with thalidomide (group A), 73 patients without thalidomide (group B), and 78 healthy women as control were studied. Menstrual disorder was higher in group A than group B (78.8% vs 57.2%, P < 0.05), and both groups were higher than control group 33.3%, P < 0.05. Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels and antral follicle count (AFC) in group A were lower than group B, P < 0.05, while estradiol (E2) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels were no different between 2 groups. Crohn Disease Endoscopic Index of Severity (CDEIS) and thalidomide were the independent risk factors in diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), and when dose reached 75 mg/day, 5 g total, or when treatment time reached 10 months respectively. These influence may increasing (P < 0.05), but they may recover after stopping (P < 0.05).

Thalidomide was an independent risk factor leading to DOR in female IBD patients, the influence may increasing when daily dose and accumulated dose reached 75 mg/day and 5 g total dose, but may be reversed by stopping.

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