Significant reduction of fluoroscopy repetition with lumbar localization system in minimally invasive spine surgery: A prospective study

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The conventional location methods for minimally invasive spinal surgery (MISS) were mainly based on repeated fluoroscopy in a trial-and-error manner preoperatively and intraoperatively. Localization system mainly consisted of preoperative applied radiopaque frame and intraoperative guiding device, which has the potential to minimize fluoroscopy repetition in MISS. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a novel lumbar localization system in reducing radiation exposure to patients.

Included patients underwent minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MISTLIF) or percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED). Patients treated with novel localization system were regarded as Group A, and patients treated without novel localization system were regarded as Group B.

For PTED, The estimated effective dose was 0.41 ± 0.13 mSv in Group A and 0.57 ± 0.14 mSv in Group B (P < .001); the fluoroscopy exposure time of PTED was 22.18 ± 7.30 seconds in Group A and 30.53 ± 7.56 seconds in Group B (P < .001); The estimated cancer risk of radiation exposure was 22.68 ± 7.38 (10–6) in Group A and 31.20 ± 7.96 (10–6) in Group B (P < .001). For MISTLIF, the estimated effective dose was 0.45 ± 0.09 mSv in Group A and 0.58 ± 0.09 mSv in Group B (P < .001); The fluoroscopy exposure time was 25.41 ± 5.52 seconds in Group A and 32.82 ± 5.03 seconds in Group B (P < .001); The estimated cancer risk was 24.90 ± 5.15 (10–6) in Group A and 31.96 ± 5.04 (10–6) in Group B (P < .001). There were also significant differences in localization time and operation time between the 2 groups either for MISTLIF or PTED.

The lumbar localization system could be a potential protection strategy for minimizing radiation hazards.

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