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The study aims to explore the correlations of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CRYAA and CRYAB with the risk and clinicopathological features of children with congenital cataract.The study enrolled 168 children diagnosed as congenital cataract (case group) and 172 normal children (control group) from May 2015 to May 2016. Genomic DNA extraction was performed using a QIAamp DNA blood mini kit. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products were genotyped using an ABI direct sequencer. Haplotype, allele, and genotype frequencies of CRYAA and CRYAB gene polymorphisms analyses were carried out using the SHEsis software. Logistic regression analysis was performed in order to analyze the risk factors for children suffering from congenital cataract.Presence of significant differences between the case and control groups’ genotype and allele frequencies of CRYAA rs7278468 and CRYAB rs370803064/rs387907338. TA of CRYAB gene might increase congenital cataract risk in children, while GCG of CRYAA gene and GC of CRYAB gene might decrease congenital cataract risk in children. CRYAA rs7278468, CRYAB rs370803064/rs387907338 polymorphisms were significantly correlated to uncorrected visual acuity, best-corrected visual acuity, nystagmus, visual axis opacification, microcornea, lens opacity, posterior capsular thickening, and degrees of posterior capsule opacification after operation in children with congenital cataract. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the T allele of CRYAA rs7278468, A allele of CRYAB rs370803064, T allele of CRYAB rs387907338, family history, and TA haplotype of CRYAB gene were risk factors for children with congenital cataract.Our findings demonstrated that CRYAA rs7278468 and CRYAB rs370803064/rs387907338 are correlated with the risk and clinicopathological features of children suffering from congenital cataract.