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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignant gastrointestinal tumor with a high mortality rate, including both colon and rectal cancer. In order to provide clinical guidance for the treatment of CRC, this study is conducted to investigate the correlations of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) gene polymorphisms with susceptibility and multidrug resistance (MDR) of colorectal cancer (CRC).A total of 195 patients with CRC were selected as the observation group and 188 healthy people enrolled as the control group. Polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to test ICAM-1 A13848G and K469E polymorphisms. The expressions of MDR-associated protein topoisomerase II (Topo II) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in CRC tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. The analysis on association of clinical indexes of CRC patients with ICAM-1 gene polymorphisms was performed.The frequencies of KK genotype and K allele of K469E in the observation group were significantly higher than that in the control group. KE + EE genotype and E allele might be protective factors for CRC. The distribution of genotypes, K469E KK and KE+EE, was highly correlated with histologic grade of tumor differentiation. Compared with adjacent normal tissues, positive rates of Topo II and P-gp expression were significantly increased in CRC tissues. Topo II expression in CRC patients was positively associated with lymph node metastasis and depth of tumor invasion, whereas P-gp expression was only associated with depth of tumor invasion. Higher positive rates of Topo II and P-gp expression were observed in ICAM-1 K469E KK genotype carriers, indicating that ICAM-1 K469E KK genotype might be related to MDR in CRC.These findings in the current study suggested that ICAM-1 K469E polymorphism is highly correlated with susceptibility and MDR in CRC.