Axenfeld–Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with ocular anterior segment dysgenesis and systemic anomalies.Patient concerns:
A 28-year-old Chinese Han female was referred to Beijing Tongren Eye Center for progressive decrease of the visual acuity on her right eye in the past month.Diagnoses:
The patient was diagnosed as ARS with retinal detachment based on series of ophthalmic examinations performed.Interventions:
A pars plana vitrectomy was performed to manage the retinal detachment.Outcomes:
Her best-corrected visual acuity was slightly improved after surgery.Lessons:
ARS is a developmental defect of ocular anterior segment with various clinical manifestations which might cause misdiagnosis.