The rare Axenfeld–Rieger syndrome with systemic anomalies: A case report and brief review of literature

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Axenfeld–Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with ocular anterior segment dysgenesis and systemic anomalies.

Patient concerns:

A 28-year-old Chinese Han female was referred to Beijing Tongren Eye Center for progressive decrease of the visual acuity on her right eye in the past month.


The patient was diagnosed as ARS with retinal detachment based on series of ophthalmic examinations performed.


A pars plana vitrectomy was performed to manage the retinal detachment.


Her best-corrected visual acuity was slightly improved after surgery.


ARS is a developmental defect of ocular anterior segment with various clinical manifestations which might cause misdiagnosis.

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