Treatment options for simple renal cyst (SRC) include open surgery, laparoscopy with decortication, or percutaneous aspiration with or without sclerotherapy. Though laparoscopic unroofing achieves better results than percutaneous sclerotherapy, the reported recurrence rate is still up to 19%. Thus, it is necessary to find methods to reduce the recurrence rate.
To investigate whether the perirenal pedicled fat tissue wadding technique during retroperitoneal laproscopic deroofing (RLD) of SRC affects the incidence of recurrence.
A retrospective analysis was carried out on clinical data of 254 patients with SRC treated by RLD in our hospital from 2008 to 2016. Among these patients,119 had a simple retroperitoneal deroofing (SRD) and 135 received a retroperitoneoscopic deroofing with wadding of the cyst using perirenal fat tissue (RDCW). The recurrence rate and variables, as well as perioperative complications, were compared. To further explore the potential variables influencing cyst recurrence rate, univariate and multivariate regression analyses were applied.
A total of 251 patients were included in the analysis. The operation was successfully completed laparoscopically in all cases with no conversion to open surgery. No mortality or significant complication occurred in both groups. After a median follow-up of 38.67 months, we noted 41 recurrences. According to the univariate and multivariate regression analyses, patients managed with the wadding technique had superior recurrence-free survival (RFS), compared with patients in SRD group (log-rank P = .03 and P = .04, respectively). Moreover, patients with single renal cyst had a lower recurrence rate, compared with patients with multiple renal cysts (log-rank P < .01). Regarding the operation time, blood loss, and hospital stay, no statistically significant difference was found between 2 groups (P values .13, .30, and .75, respectively). However, less postoperative drainage and shorter postoperative interval until tube removal (P = .04) were observed in RDCW group.
The perirenal pedicled fat tissue wadding technique can decrease the cyst recurrence rate and RCDW represents an effective and safe treatment option in the management of renal cysts.