The analysis was aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of shear wave elastography (SWE) for malignant breast lesions through a meta-analysis.
Related articles were searched from Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane library. Overall sensitivity and specificity were analyzed with DerSimonian and Laird random effects model. Area under curve with corresponding 95% confidence interval (were calculated to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of SWE. Sensitivity and publication bias were assessed as well.
A total of 25 articles including 4128 patients and 4546 breast lesions were included in the pooled analysis. In the subgroup analysis, diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SWE in Asian population were 0.84 (0.79–0.88) and 0.87 (0.84–0.90), respectively, whereas they were 0.92 (0.86–0.96) and 0.89 (0.84–0.92) in Caucasian population. The diagnostic accuracy of SWE was a little higher for Caucasians than for Asians (0.95 vs. 0.92). The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of virtual touch tissue quantification were 0.85 (0.77–0.91) and 0.93 (0.88–0.96), respectively. It showed a little higher value in specificity and summary ROC curve than SWE (0.93 vs. 0.87; 0.95 vs. 0.93). In addition, maximum stiffness exhibited higher detection sensitivity than that of mean stiffness (0.91 vs. 0.85).
SWE serves as an accurate diagnostic technology for discriminating between malignant and benign breast lesions.