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Utilization of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for treatment of high-grade gliomas (HGGs) has been slowly increasing with variable reported success rates.Systematic review of the available data to evaluate the efficacy of SRS as a treatment for HGG with regards to median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), in addition to ascertaining the rate of radiation necrosis and other SRS-related major neurological complications.Literature searches were performed for publications from 1992 to 2016. The pooled estimates of median PFS and median OS were calculated as a weighted estimate of population medians. Meta-analyses of published rates of radiation necrosis and other major neurological complications were also performed.Twenty-nine studies reported the use of SRS for recurrent HGG, and 16 studies reported the use of SRS for newly diagnosed HGG. For recurrent HGG, the pooled estimates of median PFS and median OS were 5.42 months (3–16 months) and 20.19 months (9–65 months), respectively; the pooled radiation necrosis rate was 5.9% (0–44%); and the pooled estimates of major neurological complications rate was 3.3% (0–23%). For newly diagnosed HGG, the pooled estimates of median PFS and median OS were 7.89 months (5.5–11 months) and 16.87 months (9.5–33 months) respectively; the pooled radiation necrosis rate was 6.5% (0–33%); and the pooled estimates of other major neurological complications rate was 1.5% (0–25%).Our results suggest that SRS holds promise as a relatively safe treatment option for HGG. In terms of efficacy at this time, there are inadequate data to support routine utilization of SRS as the standard of care for newly diagnosed or recurrent HGG. Further studies should be pursued to define more clearly the therapeutic role of SRS.