Successful salvage for the intractable massive chylous leakage in a cirrhotic patient: A case report and literature review

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Rationale:Iatrogenic chylous leakage (CL) is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication after neck surgery. In cirrhotic patient, the massive CL is even more intractable and extremely dangerous due to portal hypertension.Patients concerns:A 54-year-old liver cirrhotic patient had milky fluid leakage from left neck drainage tube after neck dissection surgery and hypopharyngeal cancer ablation. Electrolyte imbalance and shock status were reported when conservative managements and exploratory surgical repair failed to terminate the leakage.Diagnosis:Massive CL up to >5 L/day was recorded on the post-operative day (POD) 9.Interventions:A triangular-shaped pectoralis major (PM) muscle was designed to repair the lymph nodes dissected defect over left neck.Outcomes:After surgery, CL dramatically reduced to less than 300 mL/day in the coming day without relapses and terminated on the 8th days. After 3 months, the wound completely healed and the food conduit passage was patent without fistula.Lessons:This report demonstrated the superiority of pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) than the conservative treatment, local muscle flap, and radiologic or thoracoscopic duct ligation in cirrhotic patient with massive CL.

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