New compound heterozygous variants of the cholinergic receptor nicotinic delta subunit gene in a Chinese male with congenital myasthenic syndrome: A case report

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Abstract

Introduction:

Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are a group of genetic disorders that stem mostly from molecular defects in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs). Defects in the cholinergic receptor nicotinic delta subunit (CHRND) gene can cause a series of myasthenic syndromes. Here, we report 2 new compound heterozygous variants of the CHRND gene in a Chinese male with CMS.

Case presentation:

A 43-year-old Chinese male presented with progressive muscle weakness, difficulty chewing, and an inability to lift his head from the time he was 8 years old. He was treated with pyridostigmine, which was partially effective. Two weeks prior, he was hospitalized for dyspnea. Upon examination, he was unable to drum his cheeks and exhibited fatigable muscle weakness and facial muscle atrophy. Sequencing of his exome revealed 2 previously unreported mutations in CHRND, c.59G>A (exon2) and c.423G>C (exon5).

Conclusions:

We identified a new mutational site that contributes to the onset of CMS.

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