Dexmedetomidine-based monitored conscious sedation combined local anesthesia for levator resection in a 10-year-old child with Marcus Gunn jaw-winking synkinesis: A case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Levator resection has become a routine procedure for patients with severe Marcus Gunn jaw-winking synkinesis (MGJWS). To optimize the surgical outcome, adult patients need to be kept awake, or easily aroused and responsive to verbal commands during the operation. However, levator resection is commonly performed under general anesthesia in pediatric patients. In the present case, we described a successful anesthetic protocol of conscious sedation with local anesthesia for levator resection in a child.

Patient concerns:

A 10-year-old boy with MGJWS was admitted to our hospital and scheduled for levator resection. The patient was born through a normal delivery and had no previous history of allergy, no comorbidity, and no history of receiving anesthesia or operation. The laboratory tests of the patient were unremarkable.

Diagnoses:

The diagnosis of MGJWS was made by two experienced ophthalmologists.

Interventions:

A 10-year-old boy with MGJWS was admitted to our hospital and scheduled for levator resection. The levator resection was performed under monitored conscious sedation with dexmedetomidine and local anesthesia.

Outcomes:

Patient with spontaneous breathing responded normally to verbal commands throughout the operation, and no adverse events occurred. The patient and ophthalmologist reported high satisfaction with anesthesia management.

Lessons:

Dexmedetomidine-based monitored conscious sedation with local anesthesia is a feasible alternative to general anesthesia for levator resection in collaborative patients.

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