The deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair gene encoding the excision-repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) protein is known to predict the response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Our aim was to explore whether ERCC1 expression predicted tumor response and survival in patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer treated via platinum-based chemotherapy. We analyzed 32 such patients. ERCC1 expression was assessed immunohistochemically in pretreatment biopsy samples. Of the 32 patients, 13 (40.6%) were ERCC1 high. ERCC1-low patients exhibited a significantly higher response rate (73.7%) than did others (15.4%). The median progression-free survival differed significantly by ERCC1 status, being 135 days in ERCC1-high and 242 days in ERCC1-low patients (hazard ratio, 2.428; 95% confidence interval, 1.145–5.148, P = .032). Overall survival was significantly longer in ERCC1-low (617 days) than in ERCC1-high (320 days) patients (hazard ratio, 2.322; 95% confidence interval, 1.051–5.29; P = .037). Thus, pretreatment ERCC1 expression status can be used to predict tumor response and survival of patients with recurrent or metastatic uterine cervical cancer receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.