Combined treatment of botulinumtoxin and robot-assisted rehabilitation therapy on poststroke, upper limb spasticity: A case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Spasticity is a major complication after stroke, and botulinumtoxin A (BoNT-A) injection is commonly used to manage focal spasticity. However, it is uncertain whether BoNT-A can improve voluntary motor control or activities of daily living function of paretic upper limbs. This study investigated whether BoNT-A injection combined with robot-assisted upper limb therapy improves voluntary motor control or functions of upper limbs after stroke.

Patient concerns:

Two subacute stroke patients were transferred to the Department of Rehabilitation.

Diagnoses:

Patients demonstrated spasticity in the upper extremity on the affected side.

Interventions:

BoNT-A was injected into the paretic muscles of the shoulder, arm, and forearm of the 2 patients at the subacute stage. Conventional rehabilitation therapy and robot-assisted upper limb training were performed during the rehabilitation period.

Outcomes:

Manual dexterity, grip strength, muscle tone, and activities of daily living function were improved after multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment.

Lessons:

BoNT-A injection in combination with multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment, including robot-assisted arm training, should be recommended for subacute spastic stroke patients to enhance appropriate motor recovery.

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