Comparing the clinical and radiographic outcomes in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using a zero-profile anchored spacer (ROI-C) or a conventional cage-plate construct (CPC) for treating noncontiguous bilevel of cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD).
Overall, 46 patients with 2 noncontiguous segments of CDDD, treated with ACDF from January 2011 to October 2015, were included in this study. ROI-C was used in 22 patients (group A) and CPC in 24 patients (group B). The clinical and radiographic outcomes and complications were compared pre- and postoperatively. All patients were followed up for at least 24 months after surgery.
No significant difference was found in fusion rate, cervical curvature, height of fused segment (FSDH), intraoperative blood loss, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA), and Neck Disability Index (NDI) scores between the 2 groups. Group A had a shorter operation time and significantly lower incidence of dysphagia (3 and 24 months postoperatively) than group B (P < .001 and P < .05, respectively). Moreover, group A had a higher loss of FSDH than group B, but with no difference between the 2 groups (P > .05). Two cages developed subsidence in group A (4.5%) and 2 adjacent levels developed degeneration in group B (2,8%).
ACDF with ROI-C device was superior to CPC for noncontiguous bilevel of CDDD because it avoided postoperative dysphagia and required a shorter operation time. Moreover, the clinical outcomes were comparable. Prospective trials with larger samples and longer follow-up are required to confirm the results.