The development of postoperative bronchopleural fistula (BPF) remains a challenge in thoracic surgery. We herein report a case of BPF successfully treated with endoscopic bronchial occlusion under computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy and virtual bronchoscopic navigation (VBN).Patient concerns:
A 63-year-old man underwent right upper lobectomy with concomitant S6a subsegmentectomy for lung adenocarcinoma. On postoperative day 24, he complained of shaking chills with high fever.Diagnoses:
BPF with subsequent pneumonia and empyema.Interventions:
Despite aggressive surgical interventions for the BPF, air leakage persisted postoperatively. On days 26 and 34 after the final operation, endobronchial occlusions were performed under CT fluoroscopy and VBN.Outcomes:
The air leaks greatly decreased and the patient was discharged.Lessons:
CT fluoroscopy and VBN can be useful techniques for endobronchial occlusion in the treatment of BPF.