Differential expression of microRNAs in the normal skin of the Han and Uyghur populations in Xinjiang Province

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In this study, we investigated the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the skin samples from the Han and Uyghur populations in Xinjiang, China. The miRNA levels of the normal skin samples from 10 individuals of Uyghur or Han were tested by microarray and the expression differentiations were compared. Among the 3100 probes for microarray, a total of 247 miRNAs were differentially expressed in the Han versus Uyghur population, including 76 upregulated miRNAs and 171 downregulated miRNAs. The most significantly upregulated miRNAs were miR-141-3p, miR-1915-5p, kshv-miR-K12-2-5p, and miR-222-3p. And the most significantly downregulated miRNAs included miR-1207-3p and miR-625-3p. We have confirmed the upregulation of miR-141-3p and miR-1915-5p by qRT-PCR. There were no statistical correlations in the expression of miR-141-3p or miR-1915-5p with the age or gender within each group. Interestingly, the differentially expressed miRNAs were enriched in some cancer-related pathways, such as p53, mitogen-activated protein kinase, and WNT signal pathways. Collectively, these dysregulated expressions of the miRNAs may provide a better understanding of the differences in the incidence and mortality of skin-related carcinoma between the Uyghur and Han populations in Xinjiang.

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