Diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging, transvaginal, and transrectal ultrasonography in deep infiltrating endometriosis

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Abstract

To determine the diagnostic accuracy of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), transvaginal sonography (TVS), and transrectal sonography (TRS) in diagnosis of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE).

This diagnostic accuracy study was conducted during a 2-year period including a total number of 317 patients with signs and symptoms of endometriosis. All the patients were evaluated by pelvic MRI, TVS, and TRS in the same center. The criterion standard was considered to be the laparoscopy and histopathologic examination.

Of 317 patients being included in the present study, 252 tested positive for DIE. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of TVS was found to be 83.3%, 46.1%, 85.7%, and 41.6%, respectively. These variables were 80.5%, 18.6%, 79.3%, and 19.7% for TRS and 90.4%, 66.1%, 91.2%, and 64.1% for MRI, respectively. MRI had the highest accuracy (85.4%) when compared to TVS (75.7%) and TRS (67.8%). The sensitivity of TRS, TVS, and MRI in uterosacral ligament DIE was 82.8%, 70.9%, and 63.6%, respectively. On the contrary, specificity had a reverse trend, favoring MRI (93.9%, 92.8%, and 89.8% for TVS and TRS, respectively).

The results of the present study demonstrated that TVS and TRS have appropriate diagnostic accuracy in diagnosis of DIE comparable to MRI.

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