Acupotomy for calcaneodynia: A systematic review protocol

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Calcaneodynia customarily induces inferior heel pain, specialists believe that the pain is principally caused by acute or chronic injury due to the plantar fascia from accumulative overload pressure. Acupotomy has been widely used to treat calcaneodynia. But its efficiency has not been scientifically and methodically evaluated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the acupotomy treatment in patients with calcaneodynia.


Relevant randomized controlled trials in 6 databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library, Chinese literature databases, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database [CBM], China National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], and Wanfang Database). The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the acupotomy for calcaneodynia patients will be searched in the databases from inception to December 2017 by 2 researchers. Visual analog scale (VAS) will be assessed as the primary outcomes. Roles and Maudsley Score (RM) will be assessed as the secondary outcome. The RevMan V.5.3 will be used for meta-analysis. Continuous outcomes will be presented as the mean difference or standard mean difference, while dichotomous data will be expressed as relative risk.


This study will provide a high-quality synthesis of VAS and RM to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupotomy for calcaneodynia patients.


This systematic review will provide evidence to judge whether acupotomy is an effective intervention for patients with Calcaneodynia.

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