Small bowel capsule endoscopy revealing neuromuscular and vascular hamartoma of the jejunum: A case report

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Rationale:Digestive hemorrhage is a life-threatening and represents for both clinicians and patient a challenger problematic condition with the urgencies to discover the origin for correct the cause and safe the life of patient.Patient concerns:We report the case of a 58 -year-old man with extremely rare hamartomatous neurovascular lesion. Following recurrent episode of intestinal hemorrhage the patient underwent small bowel capsule endoscopy.Diagnoses:Diagnosed with small intestine neoplasia.Interventions:The patient underwent curative small bowel resection. Histologic diagnosis was neuromuscular and vascular hamartoma (NMVH). In the small intestine, neoplastic lesions are very rare (2%) and mostly malformative while the more frequent cause of cryptic digestive hemorrhage remains angiodysplasia (50%) . The preexisting NMVH was exacerbated by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, causing hemorrhage due to diffuse ulceration.Outcomes:The patient stay healthy after treatment.Lessons:This is an hemorrhagic lesion with macroscopic “neoplastic” patterns due to abnormal mixing of normal indigenous tissue components. It poses a diagnostic challenge for clinicians and pathologists, but diagnosis is facilitated by capsule endoscopy and surgical treatment should provide definitive resolution.

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