Improved prediction of prognosis for primary gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) after curative resection is an important goal in clinical practice. Coagulation factor of fibrinogen may inform prognosis of tumor patients as blood-based biomarker. Here, we aimed to analyze the prognostic value of fibrinogen levels in patients with GIST and to explore potential threshold of fibrinogen on postoperative clinical outcome.
A retrospective study was performed including data from 91 patients with newly diagnosed GISTs who underwent curative resection. Patients were followed-up for a median period of 2 years. Cox regression and competing risk analysis were applied to study the association between fibrinogen and risk of death or recurrence. Smoothing plot and threshold effect analysis were applied to learn the relationship further and explore potential threshold.
High levels of fibrinogen are associated with decreased overall survival (OS) and recurrence free survival (RFS) in patients with GISTs. We discovered a nonlinear relationship between levels of fibrinogen and the risk of death or recurrence. Further, we detected a threshold for fibrinogen (3.7 g/L) on the prognosis of GISTs patients. When fibrinogen was above the inflection point, the increase in fibrinogen levels was strongly associated with increase in the risk of death or recurrence.
Elevated fibrinogen can serve as an independent prognostic biomarker for a worse clinical outcome in GIST patients.