Therapeutic approach for the cesarean scar pregnancy

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the pros and cons of different treatments of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP).

We retrospectively studied 205 cases of CSP that were treated in our hospital from June 2013 to June 2014, 189 of which had surgical operation.

The average age of the patients was (32.98 ± 4.56) years. Data from those 189 cases were analyzed.

Two hundred five patients from Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital.

One hundred eighty-nine cases who had operative treatment, 111 of which received curettage under hysteroscopy, 70 of which received curettage under ultrasonography, 8 of which received laparoscopic Cesarean scar resection.

Management of 189 ectopic Cesarean scar pregnancy cases discussed in this article was usage of methotrexate (MTX) via the utility of uterine arterial chemotherapy embolization (UACE).

All of 189 patients were cured without hysterectomy. Hysteroscopy provides a clear view for us, making it easy to identify the range of affected tissues, and clean the pregnancy tissue. Curettage under ultrasonography is relatively simple and inexpensive. Laparoscopic surgery is more suitable for exogenous CSP patients that can reduce the operation risk and prevent uterine perforation. However, laparoscopic surgery costs much more than those 2 and needs longer time of hospitalization.

Treatment options should be personalized according to different situations. Minimal invasion, thorough treatment, quick recovery, low risk of hysterectomy, preserved fertility function, and improved life quality are the principles we have been pursuing for.

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