Protein S (PS) deficiency that can be inherited or acquired is an independent risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE).Patient concerns:
In this report, we present a case of recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) due to PS deficiency.Diagnoses:
A 32-year-old male patient with significant decrease in PS activity was detected by laboratory tests. Genetic examination of the PROS1 gene showed a transition of G to T in exon 14 (c.1792 G>T, p.E598X), which was a paternal inherited heterozygous G1792T substitution in the laminin G-type repeat domain, generating a premature stop codon at Glu598.Interventions:
We considered that the inherited PS deficiency due to a PROS1 gene mutation may associate with recurrent VTE. The patient was suggested to have an extended anticoagulant therapy to avoid a severe VTE event.Outcomes:
The patient was discharged home with continued oral anticoagulants and was still seen in clinic for follow-up.Lessons:
It is necessary for the young patient with recurrent idiopathic thrombosis to perform an inherited PS deficiency test and receive anticoagulant therapy for an extended period.