Atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis: Comparison of the treatment effect of different surgical approaches

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To compare the effectiveness of total disk replacement (TDR), anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and laminoplasty on atypical symptoms of cervical spondylosis.

Patients with confirmed diagnosis of cervical spondylosis and reported atypical symptoms such as blurred vision, headache, nausea, palpitation, tinnitus, vertigo, hypomnesia, and abdominal discomfort were retrospectively included in the present study. They were treated with TDR, ACDF, or laminoplasty depending on the etiology and patient preference. Severity of the atypical symptoms before the surgery and at the end of 2-year follow-up was recorded and the degree of severity alleviation was compared between different surgical approaches.

A total number of 336 patients who were treated in our institute from February 2002 to March 2011 were included in the final analysis. Atypical symptoms were significantly alleviated in most patients after surgical intervention. No significant differences were found regarding the change of severity of those symptoms among patients in different surgery groups.

TDR, ACDF, and laminoplasty can equally alleviate the severity of atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis. This indicates that the neural network in the posterior longitudinal ligament may not be the cause of atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis.

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