Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have emerged as a novel class of widespread non-coding RNAs, and they play crucial roles in various biological processes. However, the characterization and function of circRNAs in infantile hemangioma (IH) remain elusive.Methods:
In this study, we used RNA-Seq and circRNA prediction to study and characterize the circRNAs in IH tissue and a matched normal skin control. Specific circRNAs were verified using real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results and Conclusion:
We found that of the 9811 identified circRNAs, 249 candidates were differentially expressed, including 124 upregulated and 125 downregulated circRNAs in the IH group compared with the matched normal skin control group. A set of differentially expressed circRNAs (in particular, hsa_circRNA001885 and hsa_circRNA006612 expression) were confirmed using qRT-PCR. Gene ontology and pathway analysis revealed that compared to matched normal skin tissues, many processes that were over-represented in IH group were related to the binding, protein binding, gap junction, and focal adhesion. Specific circRNAs were associated with several micro-RNAs (miRNAs) predicted using miRanda. Altogether, our findings highlight the potential importance of circRNAs in the biology of IH and its response to treatment.