ENPP1 K121Q (rs1044498 C > A) genetic polymorphism confers a high risk of susceptibility to coronary heart disease: A PRISMA-compliant article

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Background:Previous studies suggested an association between K121Q (rs1044498 C > A) in ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) gene and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but the results have been inconsistent. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis of several trials to systematically summarize their potential association.Methods:Relevant articles were identified by searching electronic databases for studies published prior to March 2018. We carefully reviewed published studies on ENPP1 genetic polymorphism in relation to CHD susceptibility. The data extracted from selected high-quality studies were analyzed using STATA statistical software (StataCorp LP, College Station, TX, USA).Results:Nine eligible studies which contained a combined total of 1547 CHD cases and 2213 healthy controls were chosen in the present meta-analysis. Our results indicated that K121Q strongly correlated with increased risk of CHD. The subgroup analysis on race, sample source, disease type, sex, age, and genotype showed that in Caucasians, K121Q strongly correlated with increased risk of CHD, but no difference was found in Chinese. Both single factor and multiple factor regression showed that race, sample origin, disease type, sex, age, and genotype were not the source of heterogeneity.Conclusions:Our meta-analysis revealed that the K121Q (rs1044498 C > A) in the ENPP1 gene is a risk factor for CHD.

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