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This retrospective study explored the quality of life (QoL) in Chinese patients with laryngeal cancer (LC) after radiotherapy.Fifty-nine eligible patients with Tis-T4 LC were included in this retrospective study. All patients received radiotherapy. Outcomes were measured by the core measure Questionnaire-C30 (QLQ-C30), and the disease-specific Head & Neck cancer module (QLQ-H&N35). All outcomes were assessed before and 3 months after the radiotherapy.Three months after the radiotherapy, all items of QLQ-C30 and QLQ-H&N35 scales changed significantly (P < .05), except the social functioning (P = .09), role activities (P = .81), and global (P = .12) in QLQ-C30 scale and social contacts (P = 1.00), teeth problems (P = .21), trismus (P = 1.00), and feeling ill (P = .07) in QLQ-H&N35 scale, compared with these items before the radiotherapy.The results of this study showed that most items of QoL changed significantly after 3 months of radiotherapy in Chinese patients with LC.