Gender difference in clinical outcomes of the patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Abstract

Background and objectives:

Previous researches have reported the controversial results regarding the gender difference in clinical outcomes of patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention. Hence, this systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to investigate whether gender difference existed in patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Methods:

PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library database were searched up to February 10, 2018. Studies comparing the gender-specific effect on clinical outcomes of patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention were identified, to analyze mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and revascularization. Statistical software RevMan was utilized in this meta-analysis.

Results:

A total of 49 studies, involving 1,032,828 patients (774,115 males and 258,713 females) reporting gender-specific outcomes, were included in this study. The in-hospital mortality, 30-day mortality, 1-year mortality, and at least 2-years mortality in male patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention were significantly lower than those of females (odds ratio [OR] 0.58 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.52–0.63, P < .001; OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.61–0.66, P = .04; OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.60–0.75, P  < .001 and OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.63–0.79, P  = .005, respectively). The MACE was significantly decreased in male subjects after initial percutaneous coronary intervention compared with females in <1-year or at least 1-year (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.56–0.80, P < .001 and OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.76–0.93, P < .001). The male patients after percutaneous coronary intervention harbored higher rate of revascularization compared with females for at least 1-year (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.00–1.36, P < .001), while the rate of revascularization in male patients for < 1-year was lower than that of females (OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.69–1.26, P < .001).

Conclusions:

The systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that the prognosis of male patients with coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention is better than that of females, except for long-term revascularization.

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