Retrospective observational study of breast reconstruction with extended latissimus dorsi flap following skin-sparing mastectomy

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Abstract

The study was aimed to evaluate oncological safety and patient satisfaction in relatively late stage breast cancer patients who was treated with skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) followed by breast reconstruction with an extended latissimus dorsi (LD) flap. Oncological safety, postoperative complications, and cosmetic results were retrospectively analyzed in patients who underwent extended LD flap breast reconstruction following SSM between October 2011 and August 2014. A total of 62 patients who underwent 63 breast reconstructions were enrolled in the study. Local recurrence rate was 1.6% over a median follow-up of 63 months. On final aesthetic assessment, 37 reconstructions were rated excellent, 19 good, 5 fair, and 2 poor. Reconstruction-related complications occurred in 22 patients (34.9%); these patients’ satisfaction scores were significantly lower than those of patients without complications (P < .05). Five patients developed shoulder movement limitation, and 2 had minor twitching and pain in the reconstructed breast. However, these patients did not find their problems disabling and were able to live normally. SSM followed by breast reconstruction with extended LD flap can improve patients’ postoperative quality of life and is as oncologically safe as total mastectomy even in patients with tumors of relatively late stage.

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