Fasciocutaneous flap with perforating branches of peroneal artery repairing soft tissue loss in anterior and middle parts of children's feet: A STROBE-compliant article

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Repairing soft tissue loss in feet's anterior and middle parts has become a problem, especially for children. We observed the feasibility and clinical effects of superficial peroneal fasciocutaneous flap pedicled with terminal perforating branches of peroneal artery for repairing children's feet.

Between January 2015 and December 2016, soft tissue loss in anterior and middle regions of feet were repaired using superficial peroneal fasciocutaneous flap pedicled with terminal perforating branches of peroneal artery in 8 children with a median age of 6.5 [4–9, interquartile range (IQR) = 3] years. The skin of lower leg was intact, and the soft tissue loss area was located in the anterior and middle regions of feet with a size of 5 cm × 4 cm to 11 cm × 7 cm combined with the exposure of tendons and joints in all the 8 children. On the basis of the conditions above, there were no indications of free skin grafting. Foot wounds were repaired all with the superficial peroneal fasciocutaneous flap pedicled with terminal perforating branches of peroneal artery (6 cm × 5 cm to 12 cm × 8 cm), and then the donor area was sutured to narrow the donor area followed by intermediate split thickness skin graft. The perforating branch trunk of peroneal artery was used as a rotation point (4 cm above the lateral malleolus) in 5 children and descending branch of perforating branch of peroneal artery as a rotation point (2 cm under the lateral malleolus) in 3 children.

All flaps survived with primary healing in the 8 children. Postoperative median 7.5-month (3–12, IQR = 4.5) follow-up indicated that flap color and texture were fine, the appearances of donor and recipient areas were satisfactory, wearing shoes was not affected, and walking function and foot blood circulation were normal.

For intractable soft tissue loss in the anterior and middle regions of children's feet, superficial peroneal fasciocutaneous flap pedicled with terminal perforating branches of peroneal artery can improve recipient area appearance and walking function because it has the characteristics of reliable blood supply and convenient rotation. It is worth using this method widely in clinics.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles