Successful management of perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the rectum with recurrent liver metastases: A case report

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



The perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is rare in young man and rarely occurs in the large intestine.

Patient concerns:

The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and managements in a 28-year-old boy who presented with sudden onset of cramping and abdominal pain and intermittent melena with a blood pressure of 74/39 mm Hg was retrospectively reviewed. CT scan of the abdomen revealed a 8.9 × 7.2 cm mass in the pelvic floor.


Given the difficulty of obtaining a diagnostic specimen, surgical resection was performed. The pathology report of lower anterior resection was malignant PEComa of the rectum in 2006.


Treatment consisted of surgical resection only without additional adjuvant therapy. Over the next 49 months (until 2010) after surgery, abdominal CT showed a 0.6-cm hypodense mass over the liver with suspected liver metastasis. He refused any further evaluation and treatment. After 4 years (2014), abdominal CT showed that the original mass had increased from 0.6 to 1.5 cm and the number of tumors had increased from 1 to 3. In August 2014, he underwent a metastatic hepatectomy without additional chemotherapy or radiotherapy.


We noted that the metastatic progression was slow in the 4 years after the first operation. At 28 months after metastatic hepatectomy, the patient was doing well. There was also no recurrence of the PEComa of the rectum at the 120-month follow-up in 2016.


To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a PEComa of the rectum with liver metastases treated with only surgical resection. At approximately 8.8 cm, this is the largest PEComa of the rectum reported in the recent literature.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles