The aim of this study was to detect IL36RN variant types and frequency in Han patients with generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) in Sichuan region of China, reveal the difference of variant frequency between GPP alone and GPP + PV (psoriasis vulgaris), and preliminarily clarify the pathogenesis of GPP in this region.
Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the amplification of the entire encoding and splice sites of the IL36RN gene followed by bidirectional sequencing. Differences in frequencies of IL36RN variants between groups were analyzed by SPSS Statistics 17.0 software. Meanwhile, the IL36RN variant frequency between GPP alone and GPP + PV was compared.
The total IL36RN variant frequency was 60.47% in Han GPP patients from Sichuan region of China. Three variant types (c.115 + 6T > C, c.140A > G, c.227C > T) were identified, among which c.115 + 6T > C exhibited the highest frequency (55.81%). All the 3 variants’ frequency of GPP alone group had statistical significance when compared with PV patients and normal controls (P < .05). The IL36RN variant frequency of GPP alone group was statistically higher than that of GPP + PV group (79.17% vs 36.84%, P < .05).
IL36RN may be the major disease-causing gene in GPP patients in Han population in Sichuan region of China. c.115 + 6T > C is a possible hot-spot mutation within the IL36RN gene. In contrast to GPP + PV, IL36RN mutations possibly play a more important role in the development of GPP alone.