Improved differentiation between high- and low-grade gliomas by combining dual-energy CT analysis and perfusion CT

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of the cerebral blood volume (CBV) obtained with perfusion computed tomography (CT) and the electron density (ED) measured by dual-energy CT for differentiating high- from low-grade glioma (HGG, LGG).

The CBV and ED were obtained in 9 LGG and 7 HGG patients. The CBV and ED of LGGs and HGGs were compared. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated for CBV, ED, and CBV plus ED. The correlation between CBV, ED, and the MIB-1 labeling index of the tumors was examined. All of these analyses were also performed using relative CBV (rCBV) and ED (rED) (the value of tumors/the value of contralateral white matter).

The mean CBV, ED, rCBV, and rED values were significantly higher in HGG than LGG (P < .05). By ROC analysis, the combination of rCBV plus rED as well as CBV plus ED were more accurate than CBV, ED, rCBV, rED alone. There was a significant correlation between ED and MIB-1 (P = .04).

ED improved diagnostic accuracy of perfusion CT for differentiating HGG from LGG.

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