Association between -174G>C polymorphism in the IL-6 promoter region and the risk of obesity: A meta-analysis

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Abstract

Background:

Many researchers have suggested that the -174G>C polymorphism in the interleukin-6 (IL-6) promoter region contributes to the risk of obesity; however, this hypothesis is still inconclusive. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to combine the data from several studies to arrive at a conclusion regarding the association between -174G>C polymorphism and the risk of obesity.

Methods:

The PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to February 20, 2018. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated using a random-effects model. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity were also performed.

Results:

Ten eligible studies involving 7210 cases were performed to identify the association strength. The association strength was measured by the ORs and 95% CIs. By pooling the eligible studies, we found a significant association between the -174G>C polymorphism and obesity risk (C vs G: OR = 1.37; 95% CI, 1.08–1.74; Pheterogeneity < .01). Overall, individuals with the variant CC (OR = 1.58; 95% CI, 1.09–2.28; Pheterogeneity < 0.01) and GC/CC (OR = 1.61; 95% CI, 1.13–2.29; Pheterogeneity < .01) were associated with a significantly increased risk of obesity.

Conclusion:

The meta-analysis results suggested that the polymorphism -174G>C in the IL-6 promoter region was associated with a significantly increased risk of obesity.

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