Association between serum uric acid and arterial stiffness in a low-risk, middle-aged, large Korean population: A cross-sectional study

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Abstract

We investigated the association between serum uric acid (SUA) and brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in an apparently healthy population. We performed a cross-sectional study on middle-aged Koreans who completed a yearly health-screening program between January and December 2014. Subjects with coronary artery disease, diabetes, or hypertension were excluded. Linear regression analyses were used to study the relationship between SUA and baPWV. Multiple adjustments were made for variables based on clinical or statistical significance. Of 66,917 study participants (38,170 men and 28,747 women), the mean age was 39.4 ± 6.7 years and the average SUA level was 5.23 ± 1.4 mg/dL. SUA values were higher in men than in women (6.1 ± 1.2 mg/dL vs. 4.1 ± 0.8 mg/dL). SUA was linearly associated with baPWV in women and in men (P < .001, respectively). Multiple regression analyses remained significant for women with a positive association with baPWV across SUA quintiles in a dose–response manner (P < .001) while no longer for men with a J-shaped association between SUA quintiles and baPWV. When SUA modeled continuously, baPWV rose by 12.413 cm/s in women (P < .001) and by 6.588 cm/s in men (P < .001) for each 1 mg/dL increase of SUA. In a low-risk, middle-aged, large Korean population, higher SUA levels could have an unfavorable impact on arterial stiffness as measured by baPWV, and this association was stronger in women than in men.

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