Pseudoaneurysm (PA) with associated arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is most often secondary to vascular catheterization, percutaneous biopsy, surgery, or trauma. PA-AVF occurs mainly in large or median arterial territories but rarely in the superficial arterioles of the breast.Patient concerns:
A 30-year-old woman underwent vacuum-assisted removal of breast fibroadenomas under ultrasonic guidance. On the follow-up visit, the patient complained of a painful enlarging lump in her left breast.Diagnoses:
An iatrogenic breast PA-AVF was diagnosed.Interventions:
The patient was treated with surgical excision and ligation under local anesthesia.Outcomes:
At the 1-month follow-up, the wound was found to have healed well, and breast PA-AVF was eradicated.Lessons:
Vacuum-assisted removal has been the first-line intervention for benign mass resection because of minimal invasion, but the risk of serious vascular complications remains. Careful duplex ultrasound examination prior to the procedure is highly recommended.